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Karl Marx

Marx (1818-1883), founder of communist theory, was a political theorist and historian, arguably affecting more influence on world events than any other philosopher on this list. Marx painted a picture of the history of society as a struggle of the working class. Capitalism was the enemy; an internally conflicted system that would ultimately eat itself from within. The ideal state was a classless society where workers would own their own means of production and distribute wealth fairly. Just as capitalism replace feudalism, Marx believed socialism would take its turn. After his death, Marx's theories were put into action by the Bolsheviks in Russia and spread across half the globe.