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Friedrich Nietzsche

Nietzsche (1844-1900) was an iconoclastic philosopher of ethics who lead an all out attack on Judeo-Christian morality. His bombastic critiques of traditional Christian values remain his legacy. Nietzsche challenged the dichotomy of good vs evil, drawing a distinction between strong, master-morality and the weak slave-morality that replaced it after the demise of Rome. He believed that slave-morality came about as a resentment of subjugated people, who sought to instill their weakness in others. Accepting that Christian values were useful to control the masses, Nietzche proposed that exceptional individuals follow their own code.